hmmmmm There is too much going on at work to read this whole thing, but a few things jumped out at me. So, you only have a cursory understanding of the Dhamma, but you are going to say how it can/should be interpreted as a naturalistic viewpoint? :bugeye: And this... ...is just wrong. Kamma means action and necessarily implies the results of this action. Kicking a rock is not kamma, kicking a rock and hurting your toe as a result is kamma. Overall, I wasn't impressed with what I saw, but I haven't really explored it well.