While I find some aspects of the outcome disappointing (phase "down" coal), it seems to me that huge strides have been made. It's clear that world leaders are now united in recognising the urgency of the problem. And remarkably, it seems to be accepted that the developed world will have to transfer funding to the developing world, to compensate for them not being able to use fossil fuels the way the developed world has done. Also it has highlighted the various backsliders (Australia, Saudi Arabia, India, China) in a public way, which will put them under pressure. Interestingly, there are people already pointing out that India is not really such a villain as it appears as a result of its dirty trick at the conference. India is really strapped when it comes to alternatives to coal, apparently. I thought it might be of interest to put up some approx numbers for the relative emission of the 3 main types of fossil fuel. Coal: 100kg/GJ Oil: 75kg/GJ Gas: 50kg/GJ From: https://www.volker-quaschning.de/datserv/CO2-spez/index_e.php Gas has another advantage as it can be burnt in a combined cycle power plant that can get something like 60% conversion to electricity, whereas most coal plants only get 40-50%max. So, while renewables and nuclear are obviously the way to go, replacing coal by gas gets you halfway there, so it can help quite a bit.