Finally a good argument out of you. None the less, my position remains. Naval Intelligence was talking about doing things to escalate tension with the Japanese, one year before pearl harbor. It is interesting that point by point they nearly did all the things listed in that memo. No it is not proven as fact that they were attempting to goad the Japs into an attack, however taking in all the things together and as a time line it seems quite clear to me. Embargo on strategic resources, militarizing the Philippines and other Pacific bases(Guam,Midway), lend/leasing and resources to China, freezing Japanese assets in America, beginning strategic bomber production, gearing up war material production, it seems pretty clear the future intentions of the U.S. Then you make a BIG fat juicy target at pearl harbor. You mean to tell me they didn't think having that many battleships in port for that long with increasing "public" tentions running high and they were taken by complete surprise by the attack? Why were the Carriers all at sea on Dec 7th, 1941, Buffalo? I honestly want any answer you've got to that one. Frankly even if the exact when/how was not known. Dereliction was not just on Kimmel and Short's shoulders. Intelligence and perhaps even at political levels should have been investigated.