But you cannot start in the middle. Atoms are the smallest "physical" objects (matter), but they are not the smallest "mathematical values". Matter is made up of sub-atomic values called "quanta" (smallest known immaterial values). Physical Properties of objects and the Environmental conditions all have mathematical (quantum) values which determine the actual specific interaction between objects. It is these values that determine the interactive behavior between the objects, not their physical description. Quantum state https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_state# Chirality https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chirality IMO, what we call Physics is a scientific discipline which uses mathematics to "describe and "formalize" the observed phenomena. The successful practical use of mathematics suggests that mathematics are "sufficient" to describe the "necessary" physical states (densities) and behaviors of physical objects.