I do not agree that time is a causal force. IMO, time is an emergent property of an existential physical duration or chronology. See "worldline", "wordsheet", "worldvolume". These temporal chronologies are not responsible for physical change. These temporal chronologies are an emergent result of physical change or duration. The dimension of time only exist NOW and in the PAST. There is no future time. The future only offers a permittive condition for a chronology to emerge as a result of a physical causality. That's how the Universe started and nothing has changed since.