ISU (Infinite Spongy Universe Model of Cosmology) Update 2016 Just for the fun of it, I Googled, "Infinite Spongy Universe", and came up with links to many of my threads and to my ISU YouTube video, but this link is my latest claim to fame: http://acronymsandslang.com/definition/2671525/ISU-meaning.html The ISU acronym is "officially" listed on the Acronyms and Slang website. I like to do an annual update of the ISU model and its associated philosophy, and finding the ISU actually mentioned by an independent website out there is just the motivation I need to get going on an update. This linked thread: http://www.sciforums.com/threads/fleshing-out-wave-particle-duality-in-the-isu.152195 is probably the best reference point from which to conduct an update, since it covers both the ISU model with last years updates, and it includes some posts about the philosophy that I derive from the model. As usual, I'm open to comments from members. I don't usually get much participation because this is a personal view of cosmology, developed from the "bottom up", using my own methodology of reasonable and responsible speculation. I start with generally accepted science and physics as departure points into speculations to address the "as yet unknowns" in current models, and so this will not be a scientific presentation. That explains why I am perfectly comfortable conducting the update in the Pseudoscience forum if it would make any members comfortable. But let's start in AltTheory. For my first post I reference this linked post: http://www.sciforums.com/threads/fleshing-out-wave-particle-duality-in-the-isu.152195/#post-3323602 and these two points: 1) The universe has always existed and is infinite. 2) There was no beginning and no great phase transitions; the infinite and eternal universe is homogeneous and isotropic on a grand scale.