It depends on the application of the concept of time, as explained by Einstein. Yes, and there are several interpretations, depending on the application of the concept. I don't. I make it non-existent until there is a duration of change or physical existence. How much simpler can be? No change, no time. No continued existence, no time. That's why Einstein placed it under the laws of Relativity. It's a relational measurement. Where does it say that? Prove it. Making declarative statements without evidence is not the scientific way. I know the bible says that belief in God will solve all of humanity's problems and I can prove that. Of course, it doesn't seem to have done anything to solve humanity's problems, and we can prove that also. You have completely misunderstood the thrust of the argument. Let's examine the facts. Eldredge and Tattersall do not deny evolution, quite the opposite, they claim evolution is more complicated than the fundamental claim of Darwinian evolution via natural selection. They propose there are other factors involved, but never disavow Darwinian Evolution. From wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_evolutionary_synthesis If we go back far enough, the fossil record also shows that you have no ancestors. Yet here you are! Can you prove that you had ancestors? There is no fossil record of your tribe beyond a few generations. Maybe, if we're lucky we might find a 10,000 year old fossil with some of your DNA and you can claim there is proof that you exist because you have a fossil record of your ancestors... won't that be neat! Yes!!!!! Evolution is not a belief system. It is a demonstrated axiomatic process and there is no lack of evidence. That assumption is false indoctrination. There is overwhelming evidence, but the questioners ignore the evidence and only focus on a few gaps in the scientific knowledge. They are the indoctrinated ones. They are ignorant of the existing facts. This is the origin of the scientific observation that "God is only a God of the gaps in the scientific record".