Thanks for the link. I found one from 2009, about emergence of patterns in nature, which is to say the least very bold in its claims. http://www.ijdb.ehu.es/web/paper.php?doi=092936rh The proposition is that nature tends to select for configurations with as much functionality as possible - whatever "function*" means in such a context. It attempts to define something called functional information and then gives examples of how this can be applied to various biological systems. I read this with growing scepticism, as it seemed to me his characterisation of function appears a bit tendentious, subjective and teleological. He doesn't seem to do a very thorough job of showing how his concept can be utilised to explain first of all how the patterns of inanimate nature arise, let alone that they are somehow selected for among the other possible arrangements, before jumping on to the biological examples. I have difficulty seeing how "function" or "functional information" can be associated with a galaxy or a sand dune (to use two examples he employs in opening sections of the paper) in a way that is not arbitrary and subjective. To me, claiming a galaxy has a function is a teleological claim and not appropriate. * WARNING: The word "function" is one concerning which Write4U has a mental block. He is incapable of distinguishing between its physical sense, in the "function" of a physical system and its mathematical, f(x), sense. It is extremely unproductive to get into any discussion with him which involves this word, as he will flip-flop between the two meanings, as needed, in order to further his "mathematical universe" religious agenda.