# Chinese Scholar Yang Jian liang Putting Wrongs to Rights in Astrophysics

So somebody inverting gravity on paper is perfectly harmless.

I don't know

you didn't go deep into calculating details

and

you should know field equation is the equation that decides metric components

and

doesn't represent attraction or repulsive

and

it is the geodesic equation that give expression to attraction or repulsive

and you have been sharply told to be humble and learn

I sharply tell you that Yang's new theory matches well reality, hope you be humble enough to learn from Yang's theory

I'm humble enough to say I has no idea what you both are talking about

I'll leave you big boys to get on with your whatever it is. As long as I can safely go outside I'm happy

It is obviously wrong to think the sign to decide attraction or repulsive ,
You are missing the point: the contribution of the stress-energy tensor is being inverted. Sure, that probably doesn't express itself as a sign-flip when written out as Newtonian gravity, but it sure as heck completely changes the behavior of the gravity.

your perspective indicates you didn't go deep into calculating details,
Erm, you didn't even post a single calculation yourself, so it's just as much you that's not doing any of the calculations here.

you should know field equation is the equation that decides metric components
I do know that. And that metric determines how gravity behaves. I just skipped that step for simplicity.

and doesn't represent attraction or repulsive,
Not directly, no. But you are effectively putting a minus sign in front of all rest-masses (among others), so that is where my statement came from.

it is the geodesic equation that give expression to attraction or repulsive.
Cool, let's see it! Please post it here.

I sharply tell you that Yang's new theory matches well reality,

hope you be humble enough to learn from Yang's theory
I'm learning lots of things from it; but perhaps not the things you are referring to.

You are missing the point: the contribution of the stress-energy tensor is being inverted. Sure, that probably doesn't express itself as a sign-flip when written out as Newtonian gravity, but it sure as heck completely changes the behavior of the gravity.

Erm, you didn't even post a single calculation yourself, so it's just as much you that's not doing any of the calculations here.

I do know that. And that metric determines how gravity behaves. I just skipped that step for simplicity.

Not directly, no. But you are effectively putting a minus sign in front of all rest-masses (among others), so that is where my statement came from.

Cool, let's see it! Please post it here.

I'm learning lots of things from it; but perhaps not the things you are referring to.
If you can check Yang's calculation step by step your confusions will disappear and you will keep up with Yang's ideas

If you can check Yang's calculation step by step your confusions will disappear and you will keep up with Yang's ideas
Why don't you post the clarifications here? Or is this entire thread just an advertisement for Yang's work?

Why don't you post the clarifications here? Or is this entire thread just an advertisement for Yang's work?
I think HuHee = Yang.

I think HuHee = Yang.
If that's true, heyuhua should have no difficulties answering my question.

Why don't you post the clarifications here? Or is this entire thread just an advertisement for Yang's work?
Obviously, here mathematical equations are not supported and thus you can only read Yang's article recommended in the head post, not reading mathematical equation step by step you cann't get into Yang's work. The head post is only a brief introduction to Yang's work

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If that's true, heyuhua should have no difficulties answering my question.

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Obviously, here mathematical equations are not supported and thus you can only read Yang's article recommended in the head post, not reading mathematical equation step by step you cann't get into Yang's work. The head post is only a brief introduction to Yang's work
Obviously, you haven't done your homework: $$y=x^2$$ Use the tex-tag. So please post the clarifications here.

Then please point me to the specific part of Yang's article that answers my question. Better yet, post that part here.

your questions had been answered in Yang's articles via mathematical calculation, I can not post them here because mathematical equations cann't be writed on the forum

"Then please point me to the specific part of Yang's article that answers my question."

I can not post them here because mathematical equations cann't be writed on the forum
"Obviously, you haven't done your homework: $$y=x^2$$ Use the tex-tag."

in Yang's article, for example, "Correction of Standard Model in View of Improved Gravity Equation" , the equation (1.15) treats your euqations

in Yang's article, for example, "Correction of Standard Model in View of Improved Gravity Equation" , the equation (1.15) treats your euqations
Are you sure that's the right equation number? That one is about Hubble constant, not about the sign of the force of gravity.

Yes, it indeed is about Hubble law, but it matches well the observational data (reshifts and distances) with the conclusion of decelerated expansion, see the data in Fig. 1 recommended by you in the article :"
In Defense of an Accelerating Universe: Model Insensitivity of the Hubble Diagram".
as for to the sign of the force of gravity, see the equation (1.5) in Yang's article, which reflects attraction or repulsive

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1111

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Yes, it indeed is about Hubble law, but it matches well the observational data (reshifts and distances) with the conclusion of decelerated expansion.
Where is the value of $$q_0$$ coming from? It's being set without justification, which pretty much looks like it was set after the fact in order to fit the data.

as for to the sign of the force of gravity, see the equation (1.5) which reflects attraction or repulsive
Except not really. That equation is derived for a static universe, where all forces cancel. So a sign-flip wouldn't show up in a equation of motion, because there literally is no motion.

Let's focus on one step that's missing from the article. How does:
$$h_{00}=-\frac{\gamma}{4\pi}\int\frac{\rho+3p}{\xi}dx'dy'dz'$$
where $$\xi=\sqrt{(x-x')^2+(y-y')^2+(z-z')^2}$$

Get you to:
$$h_{00}=\frac{2GM}{r}$$
with $$\gamma=4\pi G$$?

Edit: (The given equation for $$g_{jj}$$ is obviously wrong in this article; a typo, I suspect.)

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Or how to go from:
$$\nabla^2 h_{\lambda\lambda}-\frac{\partial^2 h_{\lambda\lambda}}{\partial t^2}=\gamma[(\rho+p)U_{\lambda}^2+(\rho-p)\eta_{\lambda\lambda}]$$

to:
$$h_{00}=-\frac{\gamma}{4\pi}\int\frac{\rho+3p}{\xi}dx'dy'dz'$$
where $$\xi=\sqrt{(x-x')^2+(y-y')^2+(z-z')^2}$$

But more interesting is the missing minus sign in the partially contracted Ricci tensor. Right under "Omitting the terms $$o(h^2)$$ we can infer that:" there's a formula that seems to be a minus-sign off from what it should be. Look at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_formulas_in_Riemannian_geometry#Ricci_and_scalar_curvatures The term with the derivative on the RHS where the indices match those on the LHS doesn't carry a minus-sign, yet in Yang's article it does. Could this be where Yang makes a mistake, that carries through to mess with the determination of $$\gamma$$? (Also, the last two terms are missing too.)

q_0 is obtaind from calculation according to observational cosmic density and Hubble parameter value of today. (1.15) is geodesic equation which is equivalent to the standard geodesic equation, don't means to be applied to static universe, about its derivation you may see the following Yang's article page 142,or arbitrary standard textbook of post Newton's mechanics
Yang's crticle:
http://www.journalrepository.org/media/journals/BJMCS_6/2011/May/1306478...