**Einstein's life work**
**1. The upper limit of the speed of light **
Little Einstein had heard about the speed of light and its extremely high speed as a child. He imagined (1893) that he is running fast after a wave of light, and when he caught up with it he saw frozen waves. But that is impossible, he told himself- so the speed of light is impossible. But that is impossible, he said to himself, so the speed of light cannot be reached. It's a pity that at this point he lost his courage and didn't try to run even faster in his mind. Then he would have seen with his mind's eye that the waves were lagging behind him. This would have shown him that there was no limit or limit to what he could deduce from this thought experiment.

The speed of light is extremely high,

**300,000** kilometers per second. It was inconceivable to the child Einstein that this speed could be surpassed by anything or anyone. Unfortunately, this speed limit was so deeply

__"frozen"__ in his consciousness that he later took it as a

**trivial fact** and incorporated it

**asapostulate** into

**SR**, the special theory of relativity.

It is now clearly established that

**there is nospeed of lightlimit**. Astronomers, for example, are busily measuring the redshift of light from quasars.

They use the number

** Z **to indicate the number of times the speed of light that the observed object is moving away. Nowadays they are around

**Z = 11,** which is 11 times the speed of light. Then there is the modern

**Big Bangtheory**. It claims with conviction that the explosion sphere was at first the size of an atom, grew to the size of an orange in the blink of an eye, and then grew to the size of our solar system in

**two** minutes. If you think about it a bit, especially if you do the maths, you will immediately see that the speed of the explosion is many times the speed of light. (Just look it up: the solar system is about 2 light days across.)

In a laboratory experiment in 2000,

** Wang** detected a speed of light

**330** times faster than the currently accepted value

- Speed is relative, 1905 . . .

- Centuries ago, the naturalist Galileo pondered the question of whether speed was absolute or relative. He carried out some desperately inaccurate experiments to see if an absolute system could be found in which we could eventually measure absolute speed. (Nota bene, there is such a possibility!) This strange idea was certainly confirmed in Einstein's mind by the M-M experiment of 1897. The Michelsons' famous experiment seemed to be a failure of theoretical physics and logic because it showed light to have the same speed for all stationary and moving objects. As a way out, it flashed into Einstein's mind that if he rejected the possibility of aether, the fixed point, then the absolute speed, which can be handled with high priority, would also disappear. And relative benchmarks can be varied until the ground slips from under the feet of common sense. Finally, logic gives up solving the problem.

Modern experiments have shown, however, that for light, the Earth's surface and the nearby aether that adheres to it are such a fixed point. The misinterpretation originated from the interpretation of the Earth's surface as moving in an infinite sea of aether. It does not because it moves with the Earth near the surface. Experimental verification of this claim can be found here!

**3. On the roaming of particles 1905**
When a drop of ink is put into a glass of water, the ink particles spread out over time and fill the whole glass. We now know that the ink particles are pushed around by the running water molecules, but at that time neither the concept of thermal movement nor the molecule existed. The grain is hit by pulses from all sides, and these show short-term fluctuations. Therefore, the particle slowly migrates out of position amidst uncertain back-and-forth motions. Einstein calculated the characteristic parameters for this using statistical mathematics in 1905.

**4. The photoelectric phenomenon 1905 **
The concept of the photon (the spherical photon) was coined by Einstein and introduced into physics. According to this theory, electrons leave the surface of metal because the energy of a photon of blue light is just enough to knock an electron out of the shell of a zinc atom. It does not react to red light, he said, because its photons do not reach the energy threshold of any intense beam of light. (He was wrong about this because intense red laser light also produces the effect.) The idea was flawed, but it was a forward-looking one. The lion's share of the work was done by Philip Lénárt (Hu), who carried out the experiments for 2 years, but Einstein put the finishing touches to the process with two months of work. For this, he was awarded the Nobel Prize.

**5. Special relativity SR, 1905 **
Einstein based his theory of special relativity on two postulates and two initial assumptions. To the speed of light limit (1) and the relative speeds (2).

Both of his assumptions were flawed so a series of further compensating errors and well-intentioned logical miscalculations were then required to make the result at making it look right. The internal problems of the theory are shown by logical inconsistencies and erroneous predictions

Ad 1: the speed of light depends on the energy level of the environment, so it has a variable value.

Ad 2:The principle of relative speeds creates another insoluble problem. If we have two bodies and a relative velocity V, then our solution is bivalent because the vectors vA and vB are in opposite directions. This is a hiding error. However, if we consider three or 4 bodies, the number of "solutions" increases rapidly. Then the number of velocities becomes 6 or 24, and here we can be scared of which are real and which are not. However, to avoid tedious thinking, most people (Einstein included) are led to believe the superficial answer without criticism: 2 bodies, and one relative velocity. Thus both postulates are problematic, and the result is a flawed theory.

**6. The theory of general relativity- GR**
After Einstein had completed his theory of special relativity, he felt that it covered too narrow a field of physics. It only dealt with uniform motion in a straight line and predicted practical changes only near the speed of light. But he noticed that gravity and acceleration were strongly similar and so he set out to combine them. He used the example of traveling in an elevator, where the passenger feels a definite loss of gravity when he accelerates downwards. The GR theory, completed by 1915, thus incorporated gravity and acceleration, while SR remained in it as a basis. But it retains the most fundamental pillar, that there is a void between bodies, so the existence of aether is not allowed. Another unclear concept, that of the fabric (spatial web) of space, is prominent in his reasoning.

The problem was compounded, however, because SR was also highly problematic, while GR was almost like an idea linked to two physical effects that were only the same in their unit of measurement: (kgm/s2) On these uncertain foundations Einstein placed a huge superstructure, such as the curvature of space, the cancellation of the graviton, the bending of light and the orbit of the planet due to the curvature of space, etc. These can be shown one by one not to exist, or to be replaced by physical phenomena known for a long time.

**7. E = mc2, 1905**
E=mc2 is perhaps the most important equation in science, but certainly the most famous. Many great physicists before Einstein had already tried to derive the well-known formula and came up with almost the same result. First among them was Lorentz, whose result 10 years earlier was E=mc1.98. Einstein himself modified it five times, but only his 1905 and 1946 papers are still in the public domain.

The problem with the derivation is that it uses formulas that originally applied to light, not matter. It is true that Einstein also starts with light rays and the energy balance of a radiating body (a luminous rock). He assumes that the energy radiated is the same whether measured from a stationary or a moving coordinate system. Surprisingly, Einstein's chain of hard-to-follow reasoning eventually yields the right result, that the energy content of rock of mass m is mc2.

He arrives at his goal unexpectedly, meanwhile making some conceptual and logical mistakes that do not always compensate for each other. The derivation is overcomplicated and contains unnecessary loops. Pongyola's style has hidden the inadequacy of the paper from most experts. In other words, it lacks a traceable process of proof itself, although the intended result is produced.

continued at point 8