**Vacuum Energy Density in a Big Bang Multiverse like my Hobby-Model**
I just reread posts #414 to #434, and am generally satisfied with that as an updated summary level presentation of my hobby-model. The process of evolving my model and updating past posts and treads is on-going, and this step in the evolution of the model refers to the relationship between the consensus model's constant vacuum energy density of space, and my hobby-model's variable gravitational wave energy density gradient of the medium of space.

That means I am attempting to reconcile the concept of vacuum energy density, also known as the Cosmological Constant, an essential part of General Relativity, with my model's hypothesized force of energy density equalization. Both concepts, in their particular models, are associated with the expansion, and particularly in my model with the accelerating rate of expansion (dark energy) of the observable universe.

To put this addition in terms of steps:

1) The concept of the cosmological constant in the consensus BB model is of an as yet unknown but

*constant value* for the vacuum energy of space. That differs significantly from my model, where arena action plays out across the big bang arena landscape of the greater universe, causing a

*varying value* for the energy density of the universe at all points.

What I am hypothesizing is that what comprises the vacuum energy density of space in GR equates to gravitational wave energy traversing the medium of space in my hobby-model.

My layman level understanding of the Cosmological Constant and the concept of vacuum energy density is generally derived from, and is consistent with the pretty well summarized descriptions portrayed in links like the following:

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmological_constant
http://preposterousuniverse.com/writings/encyc/
In my own words, what the consensus cosmological model invokes as "vacuum energy", is what is left in "empty" space when you remove the curvature of spacetime, electromagnetic energy in space, and any as yet undetectable gravitational waves related to extremes and stresses of motion along spacetime geodesics, like when two stars closely orbit each other or when two neutron stars collide. They refer to the remaining energy in such "empty" space as the vacuum energy density, stated as a constant value of the Cosmological Constant (CC).

I present those links to explain the CC because in my model, gravitational wave energy traversing the medium of space is all there is in space; particles and matter are complex standing gravitational wave patterns, and photons are particles with a tiny amount of mass. Therefore, the vacuum energy, the energy of curved spacetime, electromagnetic wave energy, matter energy, and General Relativity's unique gravitational waves are all replaced by my hobby-model version of gravitational wave energy (GWE) in the medium of space.

So in my model, in place of GR, I invoke an undetectable medium that carries GWE, and within that medium, particles are concentrations of GWE with various degrees of stability.

2) Stability of a particle is a concept related to how well the complex wave energy density pattern of a particular particle is able to equalize its inflowing GWE with its out flowing GWE, over time in all environments. A stable particle like a proton (three quarks in the Standard Model) is very successful in achieving internal equalization and stability.

3) I speculate that the proton's stability is the result of a well defined particle boundary that has no niches for extraneous virtual particles or additional quarks, or bits of dark matter to invade and gain a foothold. The proton's relatively strong spherical GWE outflow is equal at all points on the particle boundary, and is able to interfere with and ward off any such intruders. Because of that, once a proton forms in the early stages of arena expansion, it is remarkably stable, accept in extremely high energy density circumstances.

4) The particle boundary is the "surface" where the directional inflowing and spherically out flowing GWE converge. It is within that particle boundary that gravitational wave energy is contained and is extremely dense, and where huge numbers of high density spots are continually forming as the internally traversing waves intersect with each other as they "flow" through the internal particle space. In terms of wave-particle duality in my model, the high density spots are what gives the wave-particle its particle nature, while it is the spherically out flowing GWE that gives the wave-particle is wave nature.

5) The Standing Wave Particle Model in my hobby-model has little relationship to the current Standard Model in terms of descriptions, but is the same in terms of observable functioning.

6) Wave energy is contained, and time delayed, within the particle space, which is the natural response that gravitational wave energy has when encountering the increased wave energy density within the particle; GWE slows down relative to its rate of expansion outside of the particle space.

7) In my model, the rate that waves traverse any given space is governed by the wave energy density of that space, and since particles are dense complex patterns of wave energy, directionally inflowing gravitational waves that encounter particles are significantly slowed as they flow through the particle. The contained energy within a particle is proportional to the degree of slowing that takes place, which is referred to as the particle-related time delay of gravitational wave energy.

8) The other gravitational time delay in my model is the time between the spherical gravitational wave energy emission by a particle or object, and the time it reaches another particle or object. That duration is variable based on the wave energy density of the medium of space through which the gravitational waves are passing. If the distance between objects is the same, but the gravitational gradient of the intervening space is different, the speed of gravity (and light) over that distance will be different, and proportional to the difference in the gravitational wave energy of the intervening medium of space.

9) Let me contrast that with the standard cosmological model. The motion of objects in space is governed by the curvature of spacetime, which is determined by the presence of energy and matter. The density of "empty" space, as described in the links provided earlier above, tells us that in addition to the curvature, space has a constant vacuum energy density value (CC) across all space.

Therefore, according to General Relativity, if we could know the value of the Cosmological Constant of space as it applies to the current model, we could determine if the universe will expand forever causing the "heat death" of the universe, or begin to collapse into a final inescapable "big crunch".

We can pretty well exclude the possibility that the universe is "flat" in terms of the "shapes" used in GR, because that would equate to the old analogy of standing the pencil on end.

10) In conclusion, and in opposition to those possible outcomes predicted by GR, my hobby-model predicts an eternal and infinite universe that defeats entropy and perpetually hosts life. You're welcome, lol.