Why is there any matter in the universe at all? New study sheds light

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While we certainly have no evidence of anything before t+10-43 seconds, we know it was the evolution of space and time [as we know them] and while our certainty on what exactly happened does get more fragile the closer we get to that Planck/quantum time, scientists do reason that at that first instant, the four forces were united into one superforce....as temperatures and pressures started dropping, the superforce started to decouple, gravity first .
This created phase transitions and false vacuums, and the excesses of energy went into creating/evolving our very first fundamentals like quarks and electrons. At 3 minutes quarks combined to form neutrons and protons and our first atomic nulcei, with continued drops in temps and pressures....at 380,000 years conditions were such that the first basic elements formed when electrons were able to couple with atomic nucleii

Not sure what else you are trying to propose, but like multiverses it is just speculative at this time.
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Such a blast to speculate !
I suspect that near-future , we will nail down what the forms of matter-energy below quark are . Of course , that won't explain what space is , nor how it was created . It most certainly won't explain the multiverse , or how it generated the Big-Bang . Only massive hubris would lead us to ass/u/me that we had all of the answers in this matter .
Addendum : One last thing : The more the universe expands , the less dense it gets . Lorentz Effects then dictate that time flows ever faster , in that future universe . This means that all of those endless nonillion years of darkness at the end , would pass by quickly , from our current perspective . To us , watching from here , the universe would age and die quickly .
*Fascinating , eh Spock ?
D.H.
 
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Such a blast to speculate !
I suspect that near-future , we will nail down what the forms of matter-energy below quark are . Of course , that won't explain what space is , nor how it was created . It most certainly won't explain the multiverse , or how it generated the Big-Bang . Only massive hubris would lead us to ass/u/me that we had all of the answers in this matter .
Addendum : One last thing : The more the universe expands , the less dense it gets . Lorentz Effects then dictate that time flows ever faster , in that future universe . This means that all of those endless nonillion years of darkness at the end , would pass by quickly , from our current perspective . To us , watching from here , the universe would age and die quickly .
*Fascinating , eh Spock ?
D.H.
Especially the Lorentz effects, of course.

And the hubris.
 
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Such a blast to speculate !
Speculation is part and parcel of science, as long as people know when they are speculating.
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I suspect that near-future , we will nail down what the forms of matter-energy below quark are .
Quarks are fundamental particles that combine to form neutrons and protons. Conditions are such that Quarks are never seen in isolation, and that appears to have been the case at least back to t+10-35 seconds?
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Of course , that won't explain what space is , nor how it was created .
Space is simply volume, or that which exists between you and me, and evolved at t+10-43 seconds along with time, and with time, form a four dimensional framework in which we locate events and describe the relationships between them in terms of three spatial coordinates and time. The concept of spacetime follows from the observation that the speed of light is invariant.
Space is not necessarilly empty.
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It most certainly won't explain the multiverse , or how it generated the Big-Bang .
The multiverse idea is speculation, and is not necessary for the generation of the BB.
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Only massive hubris would lead us to ass/u/me that we had all of the answers in this matter .
No one ever said we had all the answers, but scientists, mainly through the operation of particle colliders and such, are able to paint a reasonable picture at least back to t+10-43 seconds, when space and time evolved into what we recognise today as the observable universe.
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Addendum : One last thing : The more the universe expands , the less dense it gets . Lorentz Effects then dictate that time flows ever faster , in that future universe . This means that all of those endless nonillion years of darkness at the end , would pass by quickly , from our current perspective . To us , watching from here , the universe would age and die quickly .
*Fascinating , eh Spock ?
D.H.
The passage of time is constant for all observers within their own frame of reference and passes at one second/second. Relativistic time dilation, along with length contraction, [two sides of the same coin] is what we observe in other frames, due to velocity and gravitational potential. The Lorentz effect has nothing to do with the passage of time or the fact that the universe/space/time is getting less dense due to expansion.
 
Some interesting and relevant papers.....

http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Antimatter

Quantum Effects in Antimatter
The ALPHA collaboration at CERN has reported the first measurements of certain quantum effects in the energy structure of antihydrogen, the antimatter counterpart of hydrogen. [28]
Researchers at the CERN particle-physics laboratory in Switzerland used laser spectroscopy to scrutinize the fine structure of antihydrogen, revealing with an uncertainty of a few percent that the tiny difference in energy of states — known as the Lamb shift — is the same as it is in normal hydrogen. [27]
Researchers in Italy and Switzerland have performed the first ever double-slit-like experiment on antimatter using a Talbot-Lau interferometer and a positron beam. [26]

Quantum Effects in Antimatter
The ALPHA collaboration at CERN has reported the first measurements of certain quantum effects in the energy structure of antihydrogen, the antimatter counterpart of hydrogen. [28]
Researchers at the CERN particle-physics laboratory in Switzerland used laser spectroscopy to scrutinize the fine structure of antihydrogen, revealing with an uncertainty of a few percent that the tiny difference in energy of states — known as the Lamb shift — is the same as it is in normal hydrogen. [27]
Researchers in Italy and Switzerland have performed the first ever double-slit-like experiment on antimatter using a Talbot-Lau interferometer and a positron beam. [26]

Matter Antimatter Symmetry
3/8/2020:

This paper proposes that when matter-antimatter pairs form from pure energy, with opposite (±) charges, they form in matter-neutrino pairs, with opposite (±) relativistic masses. This way, the (±) charges balance, the vacuum energy density is conserved, the (±) relativistic masses balance, and the (±) gravitational acceleration fields initially cancel each other out. Two such particles do not annihilate each other, because the neutrino particle escapes at faster than the speed of light.

This proposal solves, (1) the “matter-antimatter asymmetry problem,” one of the biggest problems in physics, (2) the vacuum energy density out of nothing problem, (3) the creation of positive mass out of nothing problem, (4) the instantaneous creation of gravitational potential energy problem, (5) the infinite “Dirac sea” problem, and (6) the dark energy deficiency that causes the inward acceleration attributed to “dark matter.” All these things are simultaneously balanced, and all conserved quantities are conserved.
 
Some interesting and relevant papers.....

http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Antimatter

Quantum Effects in Antimatter
The ALPHA collaboration at CERN has reported the first measurements of certain quantum effects in the energy structure of antihydrogen, the antimatter counterpart of hydrogen. [28]
Researchers at the CERN particle-physics laboratory in Switzerland used laser spectroscopy to scrutinize the fine structure of antihydrogen, revealing with an uncertainty of a few percent that the tiny difference in energy of states — known as the Lamb shift — is the same as it is in normal hydrogen. [27]
Researchers in Italy and Switzerland have performed the first ever double-slit-like experiment on antimatter using a Talbot-Lau interferometer and a positron beam. [26]

Quantum Effects in Antimatter
The ALPHA collaboration at CERN has reported the first measurements of certain quantum effects in the energy structure of antihydrogen, the antimatter counterpart of hydrogen. [28]
Researchers at the CERN particle-physics laboratory in Switzerland used laser spectroscopy to scrutinize the fine structure of antihydrogen, revealing with an uncertainty of a few percent that the tiny difference in energy of states — known as the Lamb shift — is the same as it is in normal hydrogen. [27]
Researchers in Italy and Switzerland have performed the first ever double-slit-like experiment on antimatter using a Talbot-Lau interferometer and a positron beam. [26]

Matter Antimatter Symmetry
3/8/2020:

This paper proposes that when matter-antimatter pairs form from pure energy, with opposite (±) charges, they form in matter-neutrino pairs, with opposite (±) relativistic masses. This way, the (±) charges balance, the vacuum energy density is conserved, the (±) relativistic masses balance, and the (±) gravitational acceleration fields initially cancel each other out. Two such particles do not annihilate each other, because the neutrino particle escapes at faster than the speed of light.

This proposal solves, (1) the “matter-antimatter asymmetry problem,” one of the biggest problems in physics, (2) the vacuum energy density out of nothing problem, (3) the creation of positive mass out of nothing problem, (4) the instantaneous creation of gravitational potential energy problem, (5) the infinite “Dirac sea” problem, and (6) the dark energy deficiency that causes the inward acceleration attributed to “dark matter.” All these things are simultaneously balanced, and all conserved quantities are conserved.
 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_in_special_relativity

The word mass has two meanings in special relativity: rest mass or invariant mass is an invariant quantity which is the same for all observers in all reference frames, while relativistic mass is dependent on the velocity of the observer. According to the concept of mass–energy equivalence, the rest mass and relativistic mass are equivalent to the rest energy and total energy of the body, respectively. The term relativistic mass tends not to be used in particle and nuclear physics and is often avoided by writers on special relativity, in favor of using the body's total energy.[1] In contrast, rest mass is usually preferred over rest energy. The measurable inertia and gravitational attraction of a body in a given frame of reference is determined by its relativistic mass, not merely its rest mass. For example, light has zero rest mass but contributes to the inertia (and weight in a gravitational field) of any system containing it.

For a discussion of mass in general relativity, see mass in general relativity. For a general discussion including mass in Newtonian mechanics, see the article on mass.
 
Kudos , Master-of-Physics .
I git the basics , so I ask you...
Does "Dark-Matter" have both forms ? Does space itself ?
Food fer thought ... bruurp !
D.
 
Kudos , Master-of-Physics .
Far from being a master of physics or a student for that matter. Just learn knowledge from reputable sources.
I git the basics , so I ask you...
Does "Dark-Matter" have both forms ? Does space itself ?
Food fer thought ... bruurp !
D.
On the first, I dont know and I'm not sure anyone does since we have yet to physically detect the DM.
Space? Space [spacetime] has not yet been quantised.
 
Far from being a master of physics or a student for that matter. Just learn knowledge from reputable sources.

On the first, I dont know and I'm not sure anyone does since we have yet to physically detect the DM.
Space? Space [spacetime] has not yet been quantised.

...Dustin Hoffman !
 
If no one knows for sure, can we add another possibility based on the proposition that the universe did not start as an "irreducible complexity". And as physical matter is a complex dynamic pattern of values, it must have emerged as a result of some other causality other than complex physical matter.

Reference,

DOE Explains...the Standard Model of Particle Physics
gpawg-standard-model-particle-physics.png

The Standard Model includes the matter particles (quarks and leptons), the force carrying particles (bosons), and the Higgs boson.
The Standard Model of Particle Physics is scientists’ current best theory to describe the most basic building blocks of the universe. It explains how particles called
quarks (which make up protons and neutrons) and leptons (which include electrons) make up all known matter. It also explains how force carrying particles, which belong to a broader group of bosons, influence the quarks and leptons.
The Standard Model explains three of the four fundamental forces that govern the universe: electromagnetism, the strong force, and the weak force. Electromagnetism is carried by photons and involves the interaction of electric fields and magnetic fields. The strong force, which is carried by gluons, binds together atomic nuclei to make them stable. The weak force, carried by W and Z bosons, causes nuclear reactions that have powered our Sun and other stars for billions of years. The fourth fundamental force is gravity, which is not adequately explained by the Standard Model.

Standard Model of Particle Physics Facts
  • All ordinary matter, including every atom on the periodic table of elements, consists of only three types of matter particles: up and down quarks, which make up the protons and neutrons in the nucleus, and electrons that surround the nucleus.
  • The complete Standard Model took a long time to build. Physicist J.J. Thomson discovered the electron in 1897, and scientists at the Large Hadron Collider found the final piece of the puzzle, the Higgs boson, in 2012.
https://www.energy.gov/science/doe-explainsthe-standard-model-particle-physics

Assuming that not all particles are necessarily physical in complexity.

As an abstract proposition, what if;

Matter emerged as a result of a differential equation between two or more non-physical value momenta, a dynamical event.
Hence, "symmetry breaking" produces energy, energy produces mass.

Perhaps "Differential equations" play a part in this scenario.
Mainly the study of differential equations consists of the study of their solutions (the set of functions that satisfy each equation), and of the properties of their solutions. Only the simplest differential equations are solvable by explicit formulas; however, many properties of solutions of a given differential equation may be determined without computing them exactly.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Differential_equation

I know this sounds simplistic and it is, but it cannot have started as a complex physical causality.

Based on the fundamental tenet that there is no "irreducible complexity".
 
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...what if;
Matter emerged as a result of a differential equation between two or more non-physical value momenta...
It did not.
For one, differential equations cannot affect the real world.
For two, the universe existed approximately 13.7 billion years before differential equations were invented, which was in the 17th century.
 
This thread was resurrected for some reason. I can't see any reason to keep it open - not for another round of Write4U's pet theories, anyway.
 
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