The modern effects of past racism, one of which is the continued existence of present racism, extend throughout American history and through the present. It's the OP. I'm posting on topic. Try it. You left out the Republicans, who have as a Party taken over the role of chief racism advocates and enforcers since 1968. I don't. Try asking, instead of guessing. I make no such claims. Try responding to my posts as written. Getting your facts from Michael's sources, I see. The New Deal happened, the Great Depression did not, apparently. (Your graph is of unemployment, btw, not poverty, if you care) Do try to stay on topic, eh? You are trying to justify your denial of the effects of white racism on black people in the US.