It is not a fudge factor as such, it is one of the controversial explanation of red shifts observations which keeps Big bang and GR intact. I have proposed an alternative which very elegantly resolves the issue around Dark Matter and Dark Energy. It explains all the cosmological observations but rules out BB and GR, thus will be extremely difficult to push. I am extracting a part of my work on the context as below. 1.1 Cosmological Red Shifts In General Relativity the cosmological red-shifts are explained as stretching of space-time  due to its expansion. The objects farther away are recorded with higher redshifts, thus concluding that farther the object, higher the recession velocity. This conclusion on extrapolation gives rise to super-luminal recession velocities of the galaxies/objects, causing some intuitive discomfort. Under the proposed theory, the higher redshift is caused due to higher total stretching of the Cosmological Quantum Field (CQF) between the source (distant galaxy) and the observer (Earth). Since the total stretching of the CQF between two objects is directly proportional to the distance between the two, the farther the source object, higher would be the redshift. This theory looks at the higher redshift from a different approach, and does not agree with the prevalent notion of expansion or accelerated expansion of the universe, thus doing away with the notion of Dark Energy as well. The accelerated expansion aspect can be attributed to increase in cluster mass as the universe aged, since the increase in mass is due to clumping of intervening CQF thus causing an increased total stretch in situ. *** The abstract of the paper is also given below, which will clarify about CQF, this aspect is sufficient to explain everything from strong interaction to cosmological redshifts to quasar to relativistic jets. This can explain the instability of larger nucleus to vacuum fluctuations to non existence of Black Holes Singularity. This can also explain the proton mass conundrum to the peculiarity of Asymptotic freedom (the bond weakens on reducing the gap and strengthens on gap increase). This can also explain the Supernova explosion in a superior manner than the prevalent Neutrino Heating mechanism which is quite controversial. Abstract: It is proposed that the Gravity, Photonic Radiation and Matter originated from Cosmological Quantum Field. The cosmological quantum field is proposed to have a peculiar property, it manifests only when it is stretched, and this stretching is gravity. The value of the Gravitational Constant is variable and depends on the value of this stretching. The relaxation of stretched cosmological quantum field creates photonic radiation and stretching beyond a certain point produces matter.