The most important man of the 2nd half of the 20th Century?

Discussion in 'World Events' started by thecurly1, Jun 29, 2001.

  1. thecurly1 Registered Senior Member

    I would like to see the opinions of my co-peers on who was the most influential man of the 2nd half of the 20th century. I ask you to not write what other people have, just because it is a widely held opinion. I'd really like to see someone original but not stupid. Sorry but Homer Simpson doesn't count, if I let him he'd get to many threads. I'm sure you all understand.
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  3. Chagur .Seeker. Registered Senior Member

    Go Hyram!

    The man that fought so hard, and pissed off so many of the brass in the process, to give us a nuclear Navy that it took an act of Congress to promote him to Admiral.
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  5. Cris In search of Immortality Valued Senior Member

    Alan Turing – set the pace and designed the basic model for all the digital computers that were to follow. The digital computer has probably had more influence on more people in the 2nd half of the 20th century than any other invention ever created. His work now influences, either directly or indirectly the lives of every person on the planet. His theories on AI are still current so his influence is likely to extend way into the 21st century as we begin to see the practical implementation of AI.

    For his full bio – click here.

    Alan Mathison Turing FRS OBE (born 23 June 1912 at 2 Warrington Crescent, London W9, died 7 June 1954 at his home in Wilmslow, Cheshire) contributed to mathematics, cryptanalysis, logic, philosophy, biology, and formatively to computer science, cognitive science, Artificial Intelligence and Artificial Life.

    He was elected a Fellow of King's College Cambridge in March 1935, at the age of only 22. In the same year he invented the abstract computing machines - now known simply as Turing machines – on which all subsequent stored-program digital computers are modelled.

    During 1936-1938 Turing continued his studies, now at Princeton University. He completed a PhD in mathematical logic under Church's direction, analysing the notion of 'intuition' in mathematics and introducing the idea of oracular computation, now fundamental in mathematical recursion theory.

    He also contributed to the attack on the cyphers known as 'Fish'. Based on binary teleprinter code, Fish was used during the latter part of the war in preference to morse-based Enigma for the encryption of high-level signals, for example messages from Hitler and other members of the German High Command. It is estimated that the work of GC&CS shortened the war in Europe by at least two years. Turing received the Order of the British Empire for the part he played.

    Turing saw that speed and memory were the keys to computing. His design had much in common with today's RISC architectures and called for a high-speed memory of roughly the same capacity as an early Macintosh computer (enormous by the standards of his day). Had Turing's ACE been built as planned it would have been in a different league from the other early computers.

    …the Pilot Model ACE. With a clock speed of 1 MHz this was for some time the fastest computer in the world. Computers deriving from Turing's original design remained in use until about 1970 (including the Bendix G15, arguably the first personal computer).

    Turing's principal practical contribution at Manchester was to design the programming system of the Ferranti Mark I, the world's first commercially available electronic digital computer.

    In March 1952 he was prosecuted for his homosexuality, then a crime in Britain, and sentenced to a period of twelve months hormone 'therapy' - shabby treatment from the country he had helped save, which he seems to have borne with amused fortitude.

    Last edited: Jun 30, 2001
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  7. discord5 Registered Senior Member

  8. thecurly1 Registered Senior Member

    Nice job guys, keep it up

    Thank you for picking someone more orginal than maybe Bill Gates, or President Kennedy. Personally I think Kennedy is a bit overated, but that's not why I wrote this. I'm happy to see intresting oppinons on influential men of the second half of the twentith century. Hyman Richover, and Alan Turing.

    P.S. When I get sometime I'll have to read the full bio Alan Turing. I've always found WWII, the breaking of Engima machine codes to defeate the Germans. Thank you for the link.
  9. Merlijn curious cat Registered Senior Member

    maybe not Turing

    I would agree with Cris, but I would put Alan Turing in the first half of the century.
    Argh I cannot choose... maybe John von Neumann, or Shannon (for the Information Theory: Shannon & Weaver, 1949). Or maybe Crick, Watson and Wilkins, who discovered the
    structure of DNA, for which they were awarded the Nobel Prize in
    1962. Hey they are three.
    Maybe we would have to look at musicians or artists.

    Let me get back on this....
  10. goofyfish Analog By Birth, Digital By Design Valued Senior Member

    Lest we forget...

    How can you all not consider Dr. Choung Kim??

    Influenza infection continues to be the most serious respiratory disease in terms of both morbidity and mortality. Dr Kim's work at Gilead Sciences, Inc. has contributed..

    oh, exuse me.. influENtial, not influENza.

    please ignore this post.
  11. Chagur .Seeker. Registered Senior Member

    Please ignore this post.

    No way, Jose!

    Dr. Choung Kim didn't ring a bell, but Gilead Sciences did (they work with viruses, I believe) and I want to know if he's involved in one of the 'black' projects? Like increasing the morbidity and mortality of the influenza virus?

    And what is/has he contributed?

    You owe it to all the people who check out this forum!
    It's your patriotic duty!

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