I'm surprised that for something like this, there isn't a requirement for two people to confirm and send. Guess this will be a matter of lesson learned. I only hope that if a missile is ever incoming, that people won't just assume that it was a mistake, since these sort of false alarms can bring on a sense of complacency for some. I think it's fair to say that those 38 minutes were probably the longest 38 minutes Hawaiian's have had to face in their lifetimes. I don't think I'd say it was dumb. Inexcusable comes to mind. Once that message was sent out, phones would have started ringing. And in an age of instant messaging, it is hard to understand how they took that long to send out a message that this was a mistake or error. 10 minutes? 15? Sure. But 38 minutes? I certainly do hope they fix it and that something like this does not happen again. I think that was the standout for me. Reading what people have been saying about what they did in that time, the main aspect that stands out is that people had no idea of what to do, no idea if there were shelters and where those shelters were, what to pack (ie water, etc). I read one account where they drove around to the local high school (no idea what the reasoning behind that was, since if it's a nuke, not sure what the gymnasium, for example, could have done to protect them), then to the local fire and police departments, and no one seemed to have a clue as to what to do. By all accounts, everyone was panicking (which is understandable), many trying to get to loved ones. Perhaps the authorities should devise a plan and set out a) where people can go to if there are shelters and b) what to do if they aren't near a shelter. Yeah. The thought that they did not know where it was coming to, where it would hit. How long they had left. I remember reading one account where she put her kids into a cupboard, and put a mattress on them (those poor kids would have been terrified), and others who ran outside, driving around looking for shelter and I thought to myself that this is probably the worst thing to do unless there is a tunnel of some sort nearby.. Surprised there weren't accidents, to be honest, or a higher report of heart attacks from the shock and fear. Then again, several noted they called 911 for help and the 911 line was not working (probably something they should also look at at some point) and that the phone lines went down (probably due to overuse and family calling loved ones, etc). But as you noted, if the missile was at or near their location, at that point, there isn't much they can do, but hug loved ones.. While these incidents do shine a light on what is wrong with the system so that it can be fixed, it's a pretty shitty way to weed out those mistakes.